Cardiology is a branch of science that studies the diseases of the heart and circulatory system. Although it was a sub-branch of the internal medicine department, it is one of the most important medical departments.
As a result of the technological developments, there has been great developments in the field of cardiology. The branches of cardiology are divided into interventional cardiology and cardiac electrophysiology.
Cardiology examines the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the heart and vessels. The cardiology branch, which provides diagnosis and treatment of heart and vascular disorders, uses four techniques in cardiac examination. The methods of examination of the heart by cardiology include manual examination, eye examination, evaluation of the sound of the fingers and listening to the heart with the aid of a listening device.
Since the problems in the cardiovascular system will affect the whole system, all issues should be taken into consideration.
Duties of the branch of cardiology
Diagnostic Methods of Cardiology Department
X-rays, heart electrodes, angiography, echocardiography, scintigraphy and catheterization are among the diagnostic methods of cardiology.
The X-rays requested by the Cardiology department must be specially drawn to the heart.
Angiography is a method of providing the film to be withdrawn by giving a dyed substance to the vessel.
In the echocardiography method, sound waves are sent to the heart and the illusions that occur as a result of the sound waves are printed.
In the catheterization method, special tools are used and it is entered into the heart through the leg veins. The pressure of the heart is measured and the film is withdrawn by giving the dyed material.
Thanks to all these methods, the problems in the heart are easily diagnosed.
Inpatient Treatment in CardiologyPatients who are given inpatient treatment in cardiology department are admitted to coronary intensive care units. In this section, patients with severe and life-threatening conditions are followed up.
In this section, the number of heart rate, heart rhythm and blood oxygen levels of the patients are monitored. Patients who have improved their condition are taken to general services to continue their examinations.
Mission of Cardiologists
Physicians who have specialized in cardiology are called cardiologists. Cardiologists should listen to the patient's complaints carefully and perform a physical examination of the patient.
It should seek blood and urinalysis for diagnostic purposes and carry out tests such as stress test, electrocardiography. Once the cardiovascular problems have been diagnosed, the treatment method should be determined and the patient should be monitored and controlled.
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